Victory! Repeal Becomes Law (February 9, 2018)

This morning, February 9th, President Trump signed the latest stopgap funding bill into law, which included the Permanent Repeal of the Medicare Therapy Cap!

Today marks a huge victory for the profession that was twenty years in the making.  As a member of the American Society of Hand Therapists, we wanted to thank you, sincerely, for your steadfast commitment to addressing this critical issue. You have lent your voice to this cause many times, and today, your emails and phone call were finally heard. Today, we can finally say, “The Medicare Therapy Cap is repealed!”

As we look to the future, we recognize that this victory is one part of a larger journey to ensure people have access to therapy services and ultimately a chance at functioning fully.  We must now look to continue seeking improvements through the rulemaking and implementation phases of this permanent repeal.  Your voice will be vital to this process as we find the best path forward for the profession.

Thank you for all of your support and congratulations on a job well done!

For more information on the new law, visit our Legislative Action Center

Medicare Therapy Cap (February 7, 2018)

Swift action in the House of Representatives this week has brought full and permanent repeal of Medicare's outpatient therapy cap one giant step closer to reality. Since 1997, ASHT and its allies in the therapy community have fought long and hard to repeal this harmful and arbitrary cap on Medicare beneficiary care. Our chance for victory is now!

On Monday evening, House negotiators unveiled a spending package aimed at avoiding another government shutdown and quickly readied it for consideration. The measure would extend government funding at current levels through March 23rd and address a slate of expired Medicare 'extender' policies, including a permanent solution to Medicare's outpatient therapy cap. Following debate yesterday afternoon, the House passed the bill last night by a margin of 245-182.

In addition to immediately repealing the therapy cap, the language codifies the targeted review mechanism as well as the use of the KX modifier after a threshold of $3,000. In exchange for these changes and the corresponding costs associated with repealing the cap, negotiators included an offset that would reduce payment for therapy assistant (OTA and PTA) services beginning in 2022 to 85% of what is currently reimbursed. In the remainng time before the Senate considers its version, ASHT will work with its allies in the therapy community to advocate for an alternative offset. 

With the Senate poised to make changes, it's critical your Senators hear from you today. We need your help to ensure this giant step forward in the Houe is indeed a path to victory. Please contact your senators today and urge them to permanently repeal the therapy cap. 

Medicare Access to Rehabilitation Services Act (January 24, 2018)

After a weekend of wrangling, the House and Senate reconvened this past Monday and agreed to end its shutdown stalemate.  Ultimately, Congress approved an amended continuing resolution (CR) that reopened the government and extended funding through Feb. 8th. The agreement also reauthorized and funded the popular Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) for six-years and delayed a number of ACA-related tax provisions imposed on medical devices, high-cost health plans, and health insurers.

Despite progress, Congress faces a lengthy to-do list in the coming weeks, including finding a long-term solution on FY2018 spending levels, reaching compromises on immigration, passing health insurance market stabilization measures, and, importantly, addressing expired Medicare extenders policies, like the outpatient therapy cap.

With some of our nation’s frailest seniors projected to hit the cap later this month and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) currently holding claims for physical, speech, and occupational therapy, we are quickly reaching an untenable situation. It’s critical that our voice resonate above the noise and negotiations of Washington, especially in the coming days. A bipartisan solution to permanently address the therapy cap exists, and ASHT strongly urges you to reach out to your Members of Congress and call on them to support a permanent solution today!

CMS Proposed Orthotics and Prosthetics Rule Update

CMS has officially withdrawn the proposed orthotics and prosthetics rule (CMS 6012-P) published last January, which would require therapists to be certified in orthotics in order to receive payment for custom-fabricated orthotics for Medicare beneficiaries. Congratulations to all of our members who contributed comments in support of our profession! This victory was only possible because of the effort of every single person who chose to be involved.

For the CMS announcement follow this link:

CMS Announcement (September 8, 2017)

CMS announced yesterday that Medicare enrollment screening requirements will be waived for providers coming to LA and TX to assist people impacted by hurricane Harvey. The CMS administrator directed the establishment of an “enrollment hotline” for providers in order to receive temporary Medicare billing privileges for coming to the aid of hurricane victims. The toll-free Enrollment Hotline number is 1-855-247-8428, and will be open from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. ET. 

Please click here for more information.

Medicare Card Number Changes (July 17, 2017)

In an effort to protect Medicare and their beneficiaries from fraud and identity theft, and to protect program and personal information, CMS will be removing Social Security numbers from Medicare cards. Social Security-based Health Insurance Claim Numbers (HICN) will be replaced by a unique, randomly assigned Medicare Beneficiary Identifier (MBI) number.

CMS will begin mailing out replacement cards in April 2018, and the replacement process should be completed by April 2019.

CMS is developing a secure tool for providers to look up MBI numbers at point of service to facilitate this changeover.

Your systems need to be ready to accept the new MBI numbers by April 2018; however, there will be a 21-month transition period during which you can bill patient services using either a HICN or MBI number.

More Information

Update on Proposed Orthotics and Prosthetics Rule (May 16, 2017)

Representatives of ASHT reached out to the administrator overseeing reviewing comments submitted regarding the proposed changes to Medicare payment for custom-fabricated orthotics and prosthetics. While no additional communication can take place on the content of the rule, he was able to guide us to a published schedule for CMS actions on proposed rules. To date, there is no timeline for making a final determination on this rule. ASHT representatives will continue to monitor the agenda and will inform members if a target date is posted. Until then, no news is good news.

Another Update on Misvalued OT Evaluation Codes (April 14, 2017)

CMS has issued Change Request 9977, which states MACs are not responsible for searching through files to identify misvalued claims, but will adjust those claims brought to their attention retroactive to January 1, 2017. Occupational therapists should contact their individual MACs to determine how to resubmit the underpaid evaluation claims. Learn more

CMS Miscalculated OT Evaluation Code Rates (April 7, 2017)

AOTA discovered that CMS lowered the reimbursement rate on the new tiered occupational therapy evaluation codes due to an error in the amount used for the practice expense portion of the code in some MAC regions. AOTA met with CMS, who has corrected the error in its April Quarterly Update Transmittal and has communicated the correction to the Part B Medicare administrative contractors. The corrected rates should be posted soon and are retroactive to January 1, 2017.

No action is required on the part of providers; however, it is a good idea to keep checking the fee schedule to make sure the correction is put in place. Affected MAC regions should see an increase and receive the retroactive payments in the next months.

ASHT Response to CMS 6012-P (February 7, 2017)

To view ASHT's response to CMS 6012-P, please click here.

Background of Proposed Rule CMS-6012-P (February 6, 2017)

Background: CMS-6012-P

  • Establishment of Special Payment Provisions and Requirements for Qualified Practitioners and Qualified Suppliers of Prosthetics and Custom-Fabricated Orthotics

Three pieces of previously passed legislation modifying the Social Security Act of 1935 are the basis for the proposed rule affecting payment for custom-fabricated orthoses (c/f O) and prostheses (P) for Medicare beneficiaries. 

The first was precipitated by a report by the Office of Inspector General issued in October 1997 exploring the extent of questionable billing of Medicare for orthotics, which concluded that 19% were medically unnecessary, 68% of unnecessary orthotics were provided by a DME company and 35% by orthotists. (You are correct: This adds up to more than 100%). They also concluded 68% of billed orthoses from SNFs were “questionable” and were typically provided by DME companies. They concluded there was a need to develop guidelines better defining orthoses; distinguish between custom-made and OTS; develop policies for the codes for which they prioritized upper-limb devices identified as being the most problematic; work with American Orthotist and Prosthetist Association to develop a table of devices that should not be used together; and consider stricter standards for identifying who was allowed to bill for orthotics (sic), such as requiring professional credentials for orthotic suppliers. 1


Medicare, Medicaid and SCHIP Benefits Improvement and Protection Act of 2000 (BIPA) which became part of Public Law 106-554, adopted in December 21, 2000.

  • Amended §1834(h)(1)(F): “No payment will be made for c/f O or P unless furnished or fabricated by a qualified practitioner or supplier at a facility that meets criteria the Secretary of Health and Human Services determines appropriate.
  • Qualified practitioner is a physician or other individual who is a qualified PT or OT; is licensed in orthotics or prosthetics; in the cases where the state provides such licensing, or in states where the state does not provides such licensing, is specifically trained and educated to provide or manage the provision of prosthetics and custom-designed or fabricated orthotics AND is certified by the ABC or the BOC; OR is credentialed and approved by a program that the Health and Human Services Secretary determines has the training and education standards that are necessary to provide such prosthetics and orthotics.
  • Scheduled to go into effect one year after adoption. (December 21, 2000, in effect December 21, 2001)

A committee was established to determine how to enact the law, but the committee was unable to reach consensus by 2003.

Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA)

  • Added §1834(a)(20): requiring HHS Secretary to implement quality standards for suppliers of items and services including orthotics and prosthetics as a condition of obtaining a DMEPOS supplier number and being reimbursed by Medicare.
  • Directed HHS Secretary to designate independent accreditation organizations to enforce the quality standards.
  • Established procedures for designation of national accreditation organizations.

The Quality Standards were published in 2006 and 11 accreditation organizations were approved. Presently, nine of those organizations are still active; six are approved for credentialing c/f O and P.

Medicare Improvement for Patients and Providers Act of 2008 (MIPPA)

  • Suppliers had to show evidence of accreditation by one of the accreditation organizations.
  • HHS Secretary was given the right to exempt “eligible professionals” including qualified OTs, PTs and physicians as well as “Other Persons,” such as orthotists and prosthetists, from the quality standards and accreditation requirements unless the HHS Secretary determined the standards were specifically designed to be applied to the eligible providers and other persons.
  • Eligible professionals were identified as ”MDs, PAs, nurse practitioners, certified nurse specialists, anesthetists, certified nurse midwives, clinical social workers, clinical psychologists, PTs, OTs or SLPs.

The exception has been in place for eight years. No new reports have been issued by OIG on Medicare orthoses billing and therefore, no data is available to measure the efficacy of the payment changes on fraudulent billing.

On January 11, 2017, HHS Secretary Sylvia Burwell and CMS’ Acting Director Andy Slavitt released the proposed rule, which was published in the Federal Register on January 12, 2017 with a 60-day comment period.

On January 24, 2017, the current administration issued an executive order directing all federal agencies to stop sending any new regulations to the Federal Register until otherwise directed. Any regulation sent to the Federal Register but not published was ordered to be withdrawn. This had no effect on the proposed rule, which had already been published.2

Rule Summary

  • Effective one year from implementation, all practitioners and suppliers billing Medicare for c/f O or P will be required to be accredited by the American Board for Orthotists and Prosthetists Certification (ABC).
  • All facilities where any c/f O or P are fabricated must be accredited by ABC.
  • All facilities where any c/f O or P are fabricated must have specific equipment.
    (click here to view list)

CMS does not believe beneficiary access to care will be significantly affected and the benefit in improved quality of care outweighs any possible discontinuity of care. CMS states the goal is to ensure that the specialized needs of Medicare beneficiaries who require prosthetics and c/f orthotics are met.

  1. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General. Medicare Orthotics. October 1997: (accessed online 1/29/17).
  2. Federal Register January 24, 2017, 82;14 :8346: (accessed 1/25/17).
  3. List of affected orthotics and prosthetics:  (accessed 1/20/17).
  4. Federal Register January 12, 2017. 82;8:3678-3694: (accessed online 1/16/17).

Orthotics Certification Update (January 24, 2017)

ASHT is working with APTA and AOTA as well as HTCC to gather information in order to respond to the proposed rule which would require orthotics and prosthetics certification of all providers billing Medicare for orthoses.

The proposed rule would stop payment for custom fabricated orthotics to any provider lacking orthotist and prosthetist accreditation or certification. Questions and requests for more information should be directed to John Speigel at 410-786-1909.

Proposed Payment Changes for Orthotics and Prosthetics (January 19, 2017)

CMS published a new proposed rule that could severely limit the ability of hand therapists to be paid for custom-fabricated orthoses. Rule CMS-6012-P “Establishment of Special Payment Provisions and Requirements for Qualified Practitioners and Qualified Suppliers of Prosthetics and Custom Fabricated Orthotics,” published in the Federal Register January 12, 2017, removes exemptions to quality standards and orthotic certification for OTs and PTs, and would require licensure in orthosis fabrication by the state or the American Board for Certification in Orthotics and Prosthetics or the Board for Orthotist/Prosthetist Certification or a program “approved by the HHS Secretary.” Suppliers who do not meet the standard will not receive payment for custom-fabricated orthoses, and may face revocation of both their Medicare and DMEPOS eligibility. ASHT, in conjunction with HTCC, APTA’s Hand Academy and AOTA, are drafting comments on the proposed rule and will update members as more information is revealed.

Learn more from CMS

Intervention Code Revaluation (November 9, 2016)

CMS announced in the 2017 Final Payment Rule, released November 2, 2016, that it would move forward with revaluing certain intervention codes. The AMA developed a valuation survey that is being randomly distributed by AOTA and APTA. The information obtained from this survey will be used to determine the code values. The O & P codes (97760-97762) are also being reviewed. APTA and AOTA obtained special permission from the AMA to target survey hand therapists in their associations. If you receive one of these surveys, it is extremely important that you fill it out and return it as soon as possible. Your responses will determine the value of these codes for 2018.

Medicare Final Payment Rule (November 4, 2016)

CMS released the Final Payment Rule on November 2, 2016. This 1,400-page document confirms that the new evaluation codes will begin January 1, 2017. Information on the therapy cap for 2017 and the value of the evaluation codes was also included in the rule. The Federal and State Regulations Committee is reviewing the document and will post pertinent information as soon as possible.

New Evaluation Codes and Descriptors for January 1, 2017 Released by CMS (July 11, 2016)

On July 8, CMS released proposed revisions to the Medicare Part B payment policies under the Physicians Fee Schedule. Included in these revisions were the new proposed evaluation codes scheduled to go into effect January 1, 2017. CMS has requested comments from specialty organizations on these rules and ASHT is working to identify concerns and address them in correspondence to CMS.

Please send your comments and concerns regarding the codes to with the subject: New Evaluation Codes.

Read more and review the codes

Assistants and L code Billing (May 31, 2016)

ASHT has recently confirmed that Medicare does not have restrictions on COTAs or PTAs billing L codes under the supervision of their respective PT or OT. Although Medicare does not have this restriction, individual state laws may be more restrictive. Providers should confirm that orthotic fabrication is within the scope of practice in their respective state practice acts.

Reimbursement News (August 28, 2015)

If your clinic had Medicare Advantage reimbursement cut due to sequestration, you may want to check out a new article in Modern Healthcare. Florida providers are suing Humana over reimbursement cuts to providers for services under their Medicare Advantage Plan.

Humana reduced reimbursement 2%, citing the cuts were part of the sequestration and were in response to CMS cutting reimbursement to Medicare Advantage carriers. They stated they were acting as “federal officers” on behalf of a federal agency (CMS). The providers contend the cuts violated their Humana contracts. The case was reviewed in U.S. District court in Miami where the judge ruled “Humana’s payments to providers are governed by its contracts with those providers and not federal laws or programs, and that CMS did not tell Medicare Advantage Plans how to handle the sequestration cuts.” Similar cases are being heard in other states and against other insurers, e.g. Pennsylvania vs. Highmark.